Tooth Loss and Associated Factors in Adolescents – Impact Of Extractions For Orthodontic Reason
Aim: To investigate tooth loss and its determinants in adolescents, considering the effect of extractions due to orthodontics reasons. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in students from public and private schools aged 15-19 years old from Passo Fundo, Brazil. The proportional randomly chosen sample
included 736 adolescents. Clinical examinations and interviews were performed. Associations between prevalence of tooth loss and exposure variables studied were analysed by Poisson Regression with uni- and multivariate robust variance in two models. One model comprised students who had experienced tooth loss without orthodontic reasons and the other with all of the subjects presenting tooth loss. Results: Prevalence
of tooth loss was 21.1% (mean of 0.42). Higher chances for tooth loss were found in the following features: non-whites (PR=1.72; CI95%:1.15-2.60), poorly schooling mothers (PR=2.2; CI95%:0.96-5.02), from public schools (PR=4.16; CI95%:0.98- 17.59), smokers (PR=1.91; CI95%:1.15-3.17). Conclusion: Demographic, socioeconomic and behavioural conditions were strongly associated with tooth loss. These associations were
more evident when extractions for orthodontic reasons were not included in the analytical models.
Ministry of Health; 1986. Portuguese.
2. Brazil. Ministry of Health of Brazil. [SB Brazil Project 2010. National Oral Health Survey. Main Results].
Brasília: Ministry of Health; 2012. Portuguese.
3. Gjermo P, Beldi MI, Bellini HT, Martins CR. Study of tooth loss in an adolescent Brazilian population.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1983 Dec;11(6):371-4.
4. Barbato PR, Peres MA. Tooth loss and associated factors in adolescents: a Brazilian populationbased
oral health survey. Rev Saude Publica. 2009 Feb;43(1):13-25.
5. Susin C, Haas AN, Opermann RV, Albandar JM. Tooth loss in a young population from South Brazil.
J Public Health Dent. 2006 Spring;66(2):110-5.
6. Gushi LL, Rihs LB, Soares MC, Forni TI, Vieira V, Wada RS, et al. [Dental caries and treatment
needs in adolescents from the State of São Paulo, 1998 and 2002]. Rev Saude Publica. 2008
7. Schiffner U, Hoffmann T, Kerschbaum T, Micheelis W. Oral health in German children, adolescents,
adults and senior citizens in 2005. Community Dent Health. 2009 Mar;26(1):18-22.
8. Rebelo MAB, Lopes MC, Vieira JMR, Parente RCP. Dental caries and gingivitis among 15 to 19 yearold
students in Manaus, AM, Brazil. Braz Oral Res. 2009 Jul-Sep;23(3):248-54.
9. Ericsson JS, Abrahamsson KH, Östberg AL, Hellström MK, Jönsson K, Wennström JL. Periodontal
health status in Swedish adolescents: an epidemiological, cross-sectional study. Swed Dent J.
10. Richards W, Ameen J, Coll AM, Higgs G. Reasons for tooth extraction in four general dental practices
in South Wales. Br Dent J. 2005 Mar;198(5):275-8.
11. Broadbent JM, Thomson WM, Poulton R. Oral health beliefs in adolescence and oral health in young
adulthood. J Dent Res. 2006 Apr;85(4):339-43.
12. Montandon AAB, Zuza EP, Toledo BEC. Prevalence and reasons for tooth loss in a sample from a
Dental Clinic in Brazil. Int J Dent. 2012;2012:719750. doi: 10.1155/2012/719750.
13. Hugo FN, Vale GC, Ccahuana-Vásquez RA Cypriano S, de Sousa Mda L. Polarization of dental caries
among individuals aged 15 to 18 years. J Appl Oral Sci. 2007 Aug;15(4):253-8.
14. Marques LS, Barbosa CC, Ramos-Jorge ML, Pordeus IA, Paiva SM. [Malocclusion prevalence and
orthodontic treatment need in 10-14-year-old schoolchildren in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State,
Brazil: a psychosocial focus]. Cad Saude Publica. 2005 Jul-Aug;21(4):1099-106. Portuguese
15. Fontanive VT. [Adaptation of the instrument Primary Care Assessment Tool – Brazil users version
directed to oral health]. [dissertation]. Porto Alegre: Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do
Rio Grande do Sul; 2011. Portuguese.
16. Corraini P, Baelum V, Pannuti CM, Pustiglioni AN, Romito GA, Pustiglioni FE. Tooth loss prevalence
and risk indicators in an isolated population of Brazil. Acta Odontol Scand. 2009;67(5):297-303.
17. Akhlaghi F, Yavari AS, Eshaghi SM. Clinical Prevalence of missing teeth (except third molar) in girl
students at Rasht high schools (1999-2000). J Dent Sch. 2006;24:155-62.
18. George B, John J, Saravanan S, Arumugham JM. Prevalence of permanent tooth loss among
children and adults in a suburban area of Chennai. Indian J Dent Res. 2011 Mar-Apr;22(2):364.
19. López R, Baelum V. Gender differences in tooth loss among Chilean adolescents: Socio-economic
and behavioral correlates. Acta Odontol Scand. 2006 Jun;64(3):169-76.
20. Gilbert GH, Duncan RP, Shelton BJ. Social determinants of tooth loss. Health Serv Res. 2003 Dec; 38
21. Mendes LGA, Biazevic MGH, Michel-Crosato E, Mendes MOA. Dental caries and associated
factors among Brazilian adolescents: a longitudinal study. Braz J Oral Sci. 2008;7(26):1614-9.
22. Perera I, Ekanayake L. Social gradient in dental caries among adolescents in Sri Lanka. Caries Res.
2008;42(2):105-11. doi: 10.1159/000116874.
23. Bastos JLD, Nomura LH, Peres MA. Dental caries and associated factors among young male adults
between 1999 and 2003 in Southern Brazil. Community Dent Health. 2007 Jun;24(2):122-7.
24. Campus G, Cagetti MG, Senna A, Spano G, Benedicenti S, Sacco G. Differences in oral health among
Italian adolescents related to the type of secondary school attended. Oral Health Preventive Dentistry.
25. Malbergier A, Cardoso LRD, Amaral RA. Adolescent substance use and family problems. Cad Saude
Publica. 2012 Apr;28(4):678-88.
26. Park YD, Patton LL, Kim HY. Clustering of oral and General health risk Behaviors in Korean
adolescents: A national representative sample. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Sep;47(3):277-81.
27. Murshid SA, Al-Labani MA, Aldhorae KA, Rodis OM. Prevalence of prematurely lost primary teeth in
5-10-year-old children in Thamar city, Yemen: A cross-sectional study. J Int Soc Prev Community
Dent. 2016 Aug;6(Suppl 2):S126-30. doi: 10.4103/2231-0762.189739.
28. Susin C, Haas AN, Opermann RV, Albandar JM. Tooth loss in a young population from south Brazil. J
Public Health Dent. 2006 Spring;66(2):110-5.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- All content of the journal, except where identified, is licensed under a Creative Commons attribution-type BY. The online journal is free and open access.