Final year dental students’ assessment of their profile, competencies and skills in a public university

  • Maria do Carmo Matias Freire
  • Danilo Pereira da Silva
  • Aline de Paula Ferreira Caetano
  • Maria de Fátima Nunes

Abstract

Aim: To investigate final-year dental students’ assessment of their achievement of professional profile, competencies and skills as set out in the National Curriculum Guidelines (NCG) and its association with demographic characteristics. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the dental school of the Federal University of Goiás, Brazil. The study population (N= 205) was composed of all undergraduate students finishing their courses under the new curricula over a five-year period. They were asked to score their achievement of the professional profile, competencies and skills proposed by the NCG using a 3-point scale. Frequency distribution of the data was described and scores for competencies and skills were calculated. The total score was the sum of those obtained in each single item. For group comparisons regarding to the students’ demographic characteristics, Mann-Whitney test was performed with statistical significance of 5%. Results: The sample was composed by 204 final year students (response rate= 99.5%). Only one student considered that she did not have the profile proposed in the NCG. 52% of them reported they had fully achieved the professional profile, while the remaining reported they had partially achieved it. High percentages of responses indicating partial or total achievement of general and specific competencies and skills were also found. The total score ranged from 36 to 72 (mean= 60.2; SD= 7.68; median= 62.0). Women reported higher levels of competencies and skills relating teamwork and the social context of the profession. Men reported higher levels of skills related to decision-making and activities aimed at disease diagnosis and interventions. Younger students, compared to older ones, had higher scores on five items of specific competencies and skills. Conclusion: Most of the students considered to have achieved the professional profile, competencies and skills proposed in the NCG, and their perceptions were associated with demographic characteristics (age and sex).

References

1. Murtomaa H. Dental education in Europe. Eur J Dent. 2009 Jan;3(1):1-2.
2. Haden NK, Hendricson WD, Kassebaum DK, Ranney RR, Weinstein G, Anderson EL, Valachovic RW.
Curriculum change in dental education. J Dent Educ. 2010 May;74(5):539-57.
3. Loomer PM, Masalu JR, Mimghaba E, Perry DA. New curriculum in dentistry for Tanzania:
competency-based education for patient and population health (2008-2011). J Public Health Policy.
2012 Dec;33(Suppl.1):92-109. doi: 10.1057/jphp.2012.39.
4. Field JC, Cowpe JG, Walmsley AD. The graduating European dentist: a new undergraduate curriculum
framework. Eur J Dent Educ. 2017 Dec;21(Suppl. 1):2–10. doi: 10.1111/eje.12307.
5. Cowpe J, Plasschaert A, Harzer W, Vinkka-Puhakka H, Walmsley AD. Profile and competences
for the graduating European dentist - update 2009. Eur J Dent Educ 2010 Nov;14(4):193-202. doi:
10.1111/j.1600-0579.2009.00609.x.
6. Chuenjitwongsa S, Oliver RG, Bullock AD. Competence, competency-based education, and
undergraduate dental education: a discussion paper. Eur J Dent Educ. 2018 Nov;22(1):1-8.
doi: 10.1111/eje.12213.
7. Presidency of the Republic of Brazil. Civil House. [Law Nº 9.394, of Dec 20, 1996. Law guidelines
and bases of national education] [cited 2018 Nov 20]. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/
ccivil_03/leis/l9394.htm. Portuguese.
8. Ministry of Education of Brazil. National Council of Education. Higher Education Chamber. [CNE/CES
3 Resolution, of Feb 19, 2002. Institute National Curricular Guidelines for Undergraduate Dentistry
Courses] [cited 2018 Nov 20]. Available from:http://portal.mec.gov.br/cne/arquivos/pdf/CES032002.
pdf. Portuguese.
9. Arantes ACC, Pinto RS, Ramos TCV, Palmier AC. [Supervised training: what is its contribution to the
formation of the bachelor of dental surgery according to the national curricular directives?] Rev APS.
2009 Abr/Jun;12(2):150-60. Portuguese.
10. Junges R, Stello RS, Portella FF, Rösing CK, Samuel SMW. Impact of the implantation of a
new curriculum in the process of learning in a Faculty of Dentistry in Brazil. Braz Oral Res.
2011 Nov/Dec;25(6):478-84.
11. Gabriel M, Tanaka EE. [Professional dentistry training: students’ perception of curricular interaction].
Rev ABENO. 2011 Nov/Dec;11(1):19-22. Portuguese.
12. Zilbovicius C, Araujo ME, Botazzo C, Frias AC, Junqueira SR, Junqueira CR. A paradigm shift
in predoctoral dental curricula in Brazil: Evaluating the process of change. J Dent Educ 2011
Apr;75(4):557-64.
13. Vieira GM, Canto GL. [Evaluation of the curriculum reform of the University of Santa Catarina
dentistry course]. Rev ABENO. 2012;12(2):198-206. Portuguese.
14. Toassi RFC, Souza JM, Baumgarten A, Rosing CK. [Curricular evaluation of higher education in
dentistry: a discussion about the effects of curriculum changes on health care training in Brazil]. Rev
ABENO 2012;12(2):170-7. Portuguese.
15. Fadel CB, Baldani MH. [Perceptions of dentistry course graduates about the
national curriculum guidelines]. Trab Educ Saude. 2013 Mai/Aug;11(2):339-54.
doi: 10.1590/S1981-77462013000200005. Portuguese.
16. Silveira JLGC, Garcia VL. [Curricular change within dentistry: meanings according to the subjects of
the learning]. Interface (Botucatu). 2015;19(52):145-58. Portuguese.
17. Bernabé E, Ludeña MA, Beltrán-Neira RJ. Self-perceived public health competency among recent
dental graduates. J Dent Educ. 2006 May;70(5):571-9.
18. Karaharju-Suvanto T, Näpänkangas R, Koivumäki J, Pyörälä E, Vinkka-Puhakka H. Gender differences
in self-assessed clinical competence--a survey of young dentists in Finland. Eur J Dent Educ 2014
Feb;18(4):234-40. doi: 10.1111/eje.12092.
19. Pessoa TRRF, Noro LRA. Pathways for graduation evaluation in Dentistry: logical
model building and validation criteria. Cien Saude Colet. 2015;20(7):2277-90.
doi: 10.1590/1413-81232015207.13182014.
20. Rösing CK, Fernandes MI, Oppermann RV. [Evidence based dentistry: impact on teaching and case
report]. Rev Fac Odontol Porto Alegre 2003 Dec;44(Supl):6-8. Portuguese.
21. Costa ICC, Araújo MNT. Definition of abilities profile in public health based on the experience of
dentists of public service. Cien Saude Colet. 2011 Dec;16(Supl.1):1181-9.
22. Saliba NA, Moimaz SAS, Prado RL, Garbin CAS. [Perception of dentists about professional training
and difficulties of insertion in the labor market]. Rev Odontol UNESP. 2012 Sept/Oct;41(5):297-304.
23. Scarbecz M, Ross JA. Gender Differences in First-Year Dental Students’ Motivation to Attend Dental
School. J Dent Educ. 2002 Aug;66(8):952-961.
24. Hanna A, Lim BT, Ayers KMS. Emotional Intelligence and Clinical Interview Performance of Dental
Students. J Dent Educ. 2009 Sept;73(9):1107-17.
Published
2019-05-16
How to Cite
FREIRE, Maria do Carmo Matias et al. Final year dental students’ assessment of their profile, competencies and skills in a public university. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, [S.l.], v. 18, p. e191487, may 2019. ISSN 1677-3225. Available at: <https://www.fop.unicamp.br/bjos/index.php/bjos/article/view/1541>. Date accessed: 21 july 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v18i0.8655321.
Section
Original Research