How are children and adolescents cleaning their orthodontic appliances? A cross-sectional study in private schools

  • Mabel Miluska Suca Salas
  • Rita Regina Souza Lamas
  • Tatiana Pereira Cenci
  • Rafael Guerra Lund
Keywords: removable orthodontic appliances, hygiene, disinfection, child, adolescent

Abstract

Aim: To determine the prevalence and the hygiene methods used by 6-16-year-old private school children and adolescents to clean removable orthodontic appliances (ROA) in the city of Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in private schools located in the urban area after the school tutors signed an informed consent form. Questionnaires were applied to children using removable orthodontic appliances. Data regarding hygiene methods of orthodontic appliances were collected. Descriptive analysis was performed. Pearson’s chi-square test and Linear Trend with a confidence level of 95% were used for analytical analysis. Results: Children using ROA in private schools were 7.6%. The most frequent hygiene method used was mechanical cleansing with toothbrush and toothpaste (85.6%). Daily cleansing was the frequency most reported by children (51.6%). Conclusions: Use of ROA in students from private schools was low and the most used hygiene method was brushing with toothpaste.

References

1. Ucuncu N, Ertugay E. The use of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment need (IOTN) in a school population and referred population. J Orthod. 2001; 28: 45-52.
2. Chestnutt IG, Burden DJ, Steele JG, Pitts NB, Nuttall NM, Morris AJ. The orthodontic condition of children in the United Kingdom, 2003. Br Dent J. 2006; 200: 609-12.
3. Pietila T, Pietila I, Widstrom E, Varrela J, Alanen P. Extent and provision of orthodontic services for children and adolescents in Finland. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1997; 25: 150-5.
4. Krey KF, Hirsch C. Frequency of orthodontic treatment in German children and adolescents: influence of age, gender, and socio-economic status. Eur J Orthod. 2012; 34: 152-7.
5. Hamdan AM, Singh V, Rock W. Perceptions of dental aesthetics of Class III and anterior open bite malocclusions: a comparison between 10- to 11- year-old schoolchildren and orthodontists. Angle Orthod. 2012; 82: 202-8.
6. Feu D, Oliveira BH, Celeste RK, Miguel JA. Influence of orthodontic treatment on adolescents’ self-perceptions of esthetics. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2012; 141: 743-50.
7. Batoni G, Pardini M, Giannotti A, Ota F, Giuca MR, Gabriele M, et al. Effect of removable orthodontic appliances on oral colonisation by mutans streptococci in children. Eur J Oral Sci. 2001; 109: 388-92.
8. Vento-Zahra E, De Wever B, Decelis S, Mallia K, Camilleri S. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to test the efficacy of nitradine tablets in maxillary removable orthodontic appliance patients. Quintessence Int. 2011; 42: 37-43.
9. Amitha H, Munshi AK. Effect of chlorhexidine gluconate mouth wash on the plaque microflora in children using intra oral appliances. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 1995; 20: 23-9.
10. Sarlas CH, Ore DE. Intraoral bacterial changes with various pedodonticorthodontic appliances. ASDC J Dent Child. 1971; 28: 385-6.
11. Suga SS, Guedes-Pinto AC, Simionato MR. In vitro evaluation of the influence of resin acrylic surface polishing for orthodontic appliances on adhesion and removal of Streptococcus mutans. Dental Press Ortod Ortop Facial. 2005; 10: 94-107.
12. Øgaard B. White spot lesions during orthodontic treatment: mechanisms and fluoride preventive aspects. Semin Orthod. 2008; 14,: 183-93.
13. Agou S, Locker D, Muirhead V, Tompson B, Streiner DL. Does psychological well-being influence oral-health-related quality of life reports in children receiving orthodontic treatment? Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011; 139: 369-77.
14. Souza RF, Regis RR, Nascimento C, Paranhos HF, Silva CH. Domestic use of a disclosing solution for denture hygiene: a randomised trial. Gerodontology. 2010; 27: 193-8.
15. da Silva FC, Kimpara ET, Mancini MN, Balducci I, Jorge AO, Koga-Ito CY. Effectiveness of six different disinfectants on removing five microbial species and effects on the topographic characteristics of acrylic resin. J Prosthodont. 2008; 17: 627-33.
16. Paranhos HF, Silva-Lovato CH, de Souza RF, de Freitas-Pontes KM, Watanabe E, Ito IY. Effect of three methods for cleaning dentures on biofilms formed in vitro on acrylic resin. J Prosthodont. 2009; 18: 427-31.
17. Mahonen K, Virtanen K, Larmas M. The effect of prosthesis disinfection on salivary microbial levels. J Oral Rehabil. 1998; 25: 304-10.
18. de Souza RF, de Freitas Oliveira Paranhos H, Lovato da Silva CH, Abu- Naba’a L, Fedorowicz Z, Gurgan CA. Interventions for cleaning dentures in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009; 7(4): CD007395.
19. Peixoto IT, Enoki C, Ito IY, Matsumoto MA, Nelson-Filho P. Evaluation of home disinfection protocols for acrylic baseplates of removable orthodontic appliances: A randomized clinical investigation. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011; 140: 51-7.
20. Panzeri H, Lara EH, Paranhos H de F, Lovato da Silva CH, de Souza RF, de Souza Gugelmin MC, et al. In vitro and clinical evaluation of specific dentifrices for complete denture hygiene. Gerodontology. 2009; 26: 26-33.
21. Tarbet WJ, Axelrod S, Minkoff S, Fratarcangelo PA. Denture cleansing: a comparison of two methods. J Prosthet Dent. 1984; 51: 322-5.
22. Friedman M, Harari D, Raz H, Golomb G, Brayer L. Plaque inhibition by sustained release of chlorhexidine from removable appliances. J Dent Res. 1985; 64: 1319-21.
23. Nisayif DH. The effects of removable orthodontic appliance hygiene on oral flora. J Bagh Col Dent. 2009; 21: 105-8.
24. Chan EC, Iugovaz I, Siboo R, Bilyk M, Barolet R, Amsel R, et al. Comparison of two popular methods for removal and killing of bacteria from dentures. J Can Dent Assoc. 1991; 57: 937-9.
25. Kavaliauskiene A, Sidlauskas A, Zaborskis A. Demographic and social inequalities in need for orthodontic treatment among schoolchildren in Lithuania. Medicina (Kaunas). 2010; 46: 767-73.
26. Eichenauer J, Serbesis C, Ruf S. Cleaning removable orthodontic appliances: a survey. J Orofac Orthop. 2011; 72: 389-95.
27. Dersot JM. [Plaque control, a key element of successful orthodontics]. Orthod Fr. 2010; 81: 33-9.
Published
2016-12-12
Section
Original Research

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>