Is depression associated with periodontal status in elderly?

  • Leonel Ramonnd Ferreira Viana
  • Consuelo Penha Castro
  • Hellen-Bry Wanderley Pereira
  • Adriana de Fátima
  • Vasconcelos Pereira
  • Fernanda Ferreira Lopes

Abstract

Aim: To examine whether the depression is associated with periodontitis in elderly and to evaluate oral hygiene of these patients. Methods: One hundred and ninety one individuals aged 60 years or more were randomly selected. Periodontal examination was performed in full mouth by probing depth and clinical attachment loss in 6 sites for each tooth. The Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) per individual was also obtained. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) to show how the elderly have been feeling during the last week. Results: Only SOHI was statistically significant (t = 4.7169, p<0.001), which better explains the variance in periodontal status. The variable GDS-15 revealed no significant values (t=0.3901, p=0.6971). Conclusions: There was no association between periodontitis and depression in elderly, but there was association between periodontitis and oral hygiene.

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Published
2016-12-12
How to Cite
VIANA, Leonel Ramonnd Ferreira et al. Is depression associated with periodontal status in elderly?. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, [S.l.], p. 20-22, dec. 2016. ISSN 1677-3225. Available at: <https://www.fop.unicamp.br/bjos/index.php/bjos/article/view/388>. Date accessed: 21 july 2019.
Section
Original Research

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