In situ assessment of the saliva effect on enamel morphology after microabrasion technique

  • Núbia Inocencya Pavesi Pini
  • Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima
  • Renato Herman Sundfeld
  • Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano
  • Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar
  • José Roberto Lovadino


Aim: This study evaluated saliva effects on enamel morphology surface after microabrasion technique. Methods: Enamel blocks (16 mm2) obtained from bovine incisors were divided into 9 groups as follows: one control group (no treatment), four groups with microabrasion treatment using 35% phosphoric acid and pumice (H3PO4+Pum) and other four groups treated with 6.6% hydrochloric acid and silica (HCl+Sil). One group of each treatment was submitted to 4 frames of saliva exposure: without exposure, 1-h exposure, 24-h exposure, and 7-days exposure on in situ regimen. Nineteen volunteers (n=19), considered as statistical blocks, used an intraoral appliance containing the specimens, for 7 days. Enamel roughness (Ra) was tested before and after treatment, and after saliva exposure. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to evaluate qualitatively the enamel morphology. Results: All groups exhibited increased Ra after microabrasion. With regards to saliva exposure, the treatment with HCl+Sil presented more susceptibility to the saliva action, but no period of time was efficient in re-establishing this characteristic compared with the control group. CLSM analysis showed reduction of the micro-abrasive damages during the experimental times. Conclusions: Seven days of saliva exposure were not sufficient for the treated enamel to reach its normal characteristics compared with the control group.


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How to Cite
PINI, Núbia Inocencya Pavesi et al. In situ assessment of the saliva effect on enamel morphology after microabrasion technique. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, [S.l.], p. 187-192, dec. 2016. ISSN 1677-3225. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 july 2019.
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