Sex estimation in brazilian sample: qualitative or quantitative methodology?

  • Viviane Ulbricht
  • Cristiane Martins Schmidt
  • Francisco Carlos Groppo
  • Eduardo Daruge Júnior
  • Dagmar de Paula Queluz
  • Luiz Francesquini Júnior

Abstract

 Aim: This study carried out cranial measurements (in mm) [Zygion-Zygion (Zy-Zy); Zygion-Glabella-right side (Zy-Ga-right); Zygion-Glabella-left side (Zy-Ga-left); Zygion-Glabella-mean (Zy-Ga-mean); Rhinion-Anterior Nasal Spine (Rhi-ANS); Nasal Width (Na Wid); Nasion-Anterior Nasal Spine (Na-ANS); Glabella-Anterior Nasal Spine (Ga-ANS); Glabella-Prosthion (Ga-Pr)], to verify whether they are dimorphic. Methods: We used skulls from the Eduardo Daruge Laboratory of Forensic Physical Anthropometry, which did not present growth abnormalities and belonged to the age range of 18 to 100 years. Linear measurements were performed by digital caliper, properly calibrated. Inter and intra-calibrator calibration was performed by obtaining as result the value of 0.98 (considered excellent). Results: We found that all measures carried out are dimorphic, and we were able to create a logistic regression model (logit: Sex = −33.6 + (0.15 × Zy-Zy) + (0.21 × Rhi-ANS) + (0.16 × Na-ANS)) to estimation the sex. Conclusions: We concluded that the developed quantitative method results in 85.2% sensitivity, 76.2% specificity, and 81.1% accuracy, being, therefore, more effective in the prediction of sex than the mere random hit.

Author Biography

Dagmar de Paula Queluz

 

 

References

1. Kanthem RK, Guttikonda VR, Yeluri S, Kumari G. Sex determination using maxillary sinus. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2015 May-Aug;7(2):163-7. doi: 10.4103/0975-1475.154595.
2. Francesquini Júnior L, Francesquini MA, De La Cruz BM, Pereira SD, Ambrosano GM, Barbosa CM, et al. Identi cation of sex using cranial base measurements. J Forensic Odontostomatol. 2007 Jun;25(1):7-11.
3. Bass WM. Recent developments in the identi cation of human skeletal material. Am J Phys Anthrop. 1969 May;30:459-62.
4. Bass WM, Driscoll PA. Summary of skeletal identi cation in Tennessee: 1971-1981, J Forensic Sci. 1983 Jun;28(1):159-68.
5. Isaza J, Díaz CA, Bedoya JF, Monsalve T, Botella MC. Assessment of sex from endocranial cavity using volume-rendered CT scans in a sample from Medellin, Colombia. Forensic Sci Int. 2014 Jan;234:186 e1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.10.023
6. Krogman WM, Iscan MY. The human skeleton in Forensic Medicine. Ilinois: CC Thomas Publisher; 1986.
7. Rogers TL. Determining the sex of human, remains trough cranial morphology. J Forensic Sci. 2005 May;50(3):493-500.
8. Keen JA. A study of the differences between male and female skulls. Am J Phys Anthrop. 1950 Mar;8(1):65-79.
9. Daruge E, Daruge Júnior E, Francesquini Júnior L. [Treaty of Legal Dentistry and Deontology]. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan; 2017. Portuguese.
10. Coma JMR. [Forensic Antropology]. Madrid: Ministerio da Justicia; 1999. Spanish.
11. Kharoshah MAA, Almadani O, Ghaleb SS, Zaki MK, Fattah YAA. Sexual Dimorphism of the Mandible in a Modern Egyptian Population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2010 May;17(4):213-5. doi: 10.1016/j.j m.2010.02.005.
12. Naikmasur VG, Shrivastava R, Mutalik S. Determination of Sex in South Indians and Immigrant Tibetans From Cephalometric Analysis and Discriminant Functions. Forensic Sci Int. 2010;197:122.e1-122.e6.
13. Oettle AC, Becker PJ, Villiers E, Steyn M. The In uence of Age, Sex, Population Group, and Dentition on the Mandibular Angle as Measured on a South African Sample. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009 Aug;139(4):505-11. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.21009.
14. Rosa MA, Gonzáles E, Fregel R, Velasco J, Delgado T, Gonzáles AM, et al. Canary Islands Aborigin Sex Determination Based on Mandible Parameters Contrasted by Amelogenin Analysis. J Archaeol Sci. 2007 Sept;34(9):1515-22. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2006.11.008
15. Vanrell J. [Legal dentistry and forensic anthropology]. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan; 2009. Portuguese.
16. Penna, SDJ, organizator. [Homo brasilis: Genetic, Linguistic, Historical and Socioanthropological Aspects of the Brazilian People’s Formation]. Ribeirão Preto: FUNPEC; 2002. 191 p. Portuguese.
17. Interpol – Disaster Victim identi cation guide – 2014 [accessed 2017 Feb 7]. Available from: https:// www.interpol.int/INTERPOL-expertise/Forensics/DVI.
18. Jurda M, Urbanová P. Sex and ancestry assessment of Brazilian crania using semi-automatic mesh processing tools. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2016 Nov;23:34-43. doi: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2016.09.004.
19. Iqbal R, Zhang S, Mi C. Reability of mandibular canine and mandibular canine index in sex determination: a study using Uwghur population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2015 Jul;33:9-13. doi: 10.1016/j.j m.2015.03.007.
20. Garvin HM, Sholts SB, Mosca LA. Sexual dimosphism in human cranial trait scores: effects of population, age, and body size. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2014 Jun;154(2):259-69. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22502.
21. Dabbs GR, Moore-Jansen PH. A method for estimating sex using metric analysis of the scapula. J Forensic Sci. 2010 Jan;55(1):149-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.01232.x.
22. Urbanova P, Ross AH, Jurda M, Nogueira M. Testing the reliability of software tools in sex and ancestry estimation in a multi-ancestral Brazilian Sample. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2014 Sep;16(5):264-73. doi: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2014.06.002.
23. Silva M. [Compendium of Legal Dentistry]. São Paulo: Medsi; 1997. Portuguese.
24. Asghar A, Dixit A, Rani M. Morphometric Study of Nasal Bone and Piriform Aperture in Human Dry Skull of Indian Origin. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016 Jan;10(1):AC05-7.
doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/15677.7148.
25. Mahakkanukrauh P, Sinthubua A, Prasitwattanaseree S, Ruengdit S, Singsuwan P, Praneatpolgrang S, et al. Craniometric study for sex determination in a Thai population. Anat Cell Biol. 2015 Dec;48(4):275-83. doi: 10.5115/acb.2015.48.4.275.
26. Zaki ME, Soliman MA, El-Bassyouni HT. A cephalometric study of skulls from the Bahriyah oasis. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2012 Jul;4(2):88-92. doi:10.4103/0975-1475.109895.
27. Moreddu E, Puymerail L, Michel J, Achache M, DessI P, Adalian P. Morphometric measurements and sexual dimorphism of the piriform aperture in adults. Surg Radiol Anat. 2013 Dec;35(10):917-24. doi: 10.1007/s00276-013-1116-2.
28. Mana MD, Adalian P, Lynnerup N. Lateral angle and cranial base sexual dimorphism: a morphometric evaluation using computerised tomography scans of a modern documented autopsy population from Denmark. Anthropol Anz. 2016;73(2). doi: 10.1127/anthranz/2016/0424.
29. Tambawala SS, Karjodkar FR, Sansare K, Prakash N, Dora AC. Sexual dimorphism of foramen Magnum using cone beam computed tomography. J Forensic Leg Med. 2016 Nov;44:29-34. doi: 10.1016/j.j m.2016.08.005.
Published
2017-11-13
How to Cite
ULBRICHT, Viviane et al. Sex estimation in brazilian sample: qualitative or quantitative methodology?. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, [S.l.], p. e17047, nov. 2017. ISSN 1677-3225. Available at: <https://www.fop.unicamp.br/bjos/index.php/bjos/article/view/87>. Date accessed: 21 july 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v16i1.8650495.
Section
Original Research

Most read articles by the same author(s)